Hey All,
This blog is no longer active. While Loudoun County Public Schools is a noble subject, I have branched onto other ones. If you like my work here, please visit my new blog, History Scout.

Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Windows Without Historic Integrity - Loudoun County High School

Loudoun County under renovation
(Yes, as predicted, that bunting is still up in the half-circle window)

I heard that Loudoun County High School was getting a renovation of various areas. I decided to go by and look at how things were going.

NJROTC/Former LCHS Bus Annex Building renovating to
make the space better equipped for classroom usage

I noticed the front section of the building was getting new windows. That's all dandy. Then I saw what the windows were going to look like:

Boarded-over window holes, and new windows.

I left fuming. Those are the windows they chose??

Let me rewind and give a lot of background: In 1954, the school's front facade was built with a Georgian-style center section. Extending from the ends were these 1950's-Modern-style classroom wings (That is how the original building was built, I'm not exactly sure why, but at this point I just chalk it up to a bygone-era's character and charm). The windows in each section reflect their section's chosen style.

Lord Loudoun 1959 yearbook

Lord Loudoun 1962 yearbook
Each window pane unit could open separately!

In 1976, the windows on the end sections were replaced. The top third of the windows were now covered. The bottom 2/3's of the windows matched the previous design. Covering the tops of tall windows in old school buildings was a common practice at the time. You can still see traces of this practice at many other older schools (i.e. Catoctin ES, Hillsboro ES, Leesburg High School before its Senior Center renovation, etc). I didn't like these windows either, but at least 2/3's of them kept the original style.

Lord Loudoun 1977 yearbook

In 2005, Loudoun County HS received its last major renovation. One of the mandates of the renovation was that the front facade would not be aesthetically altered. "Great care was taken to restore the classic central façade, down to the detail of replicating the original wood windows and preserving the original cupola and slate roof," reads a LCHS renovation overview powerpoint from 2008. The 1976 window style remained (to my knowledge, only the central Georgian windows were replaced)

New 2017 window (left) next to 1976 window (right)

Which brings us to today. On one hand, the full window space will be a window once again. That's a positive, I'm really happy about that. We now have the window technology to have huge windows again! On the other hand, the windows are imitating the Georgian section's windows. That is not okay. It takes away the power of the 1950's architecture and revises the building's visual narrative. It's taking away the building's historic integrity. This could have been an opportunity to fix a wrong from the 70's, but instead it's been mishandled and now the building will be stuck with these windows for the next 40+ years.

Is this really a big deal?

I can hear you saying, 'Oh, they're just windows. Wait until the project is over, I bet they will make the front look aesthetically cohesive and pleasing.' 1) Mount Vernon does not have a symmetrical window arrangement. Are you going to move those windows around to make it aesthetically cohesive and pleasing? Of course not, you don't mess with its historic integrity. 2) The new windows don't even match the Georgian windows that well. Didn't I say those windows were just replaced in 2005/2006? And no one can find matching ones? I'm calling a lack of caring.

This is the iconic, picture-perfect entrance. This front entry has been the background for picnics, prom pictures, graduations, and one 2012 presidential campaign rally. The flagship school of Loudoun County Public Schools, the 7th oldest school in the county still operating as a school, a school over 62 years old... and these new windows tell me they didn't hire a historic consultant for this project. That is a huge mishandling of an important LCPS asset, and more evidence of a lack of caring.

While I'm at it... This is not the only thing on the front facade that's gone downhill recently. Many of the snowbirds on one side of the Georgian section's gable roof are missing. It's been like that for over a year now.

Missing snowbirds on one side

No missing snowbirds on the other side

One of the original c.1954 lamp posts had to be replaced. At night, this new lamp is incredibly bright. It bleeds so much more light than any of the other lamp posts, and casts a terrible yellow/orange light on the school. I'm all for greater security and intentional uplighting (This school would look great with a modern lighting package), but this is unintentional and caused from a lack of attention to detail.

New Lamp Post (old base to the left)

Example of one of the original lamp posts
(still operating)

Shot at 1/60 second (so not over-exposed)
1954 light (L), 2016 light (R)

Shot at 1/60 second (so not over-exposed)
1954 light (L), 2016 light (R)

And here's a night shot example from 9/2015, before the
new lamp post (not the best comparison, but it's what I got)

I could rattle off a couple more observations....

Should the foundation be doing that...?
This is at the corner of the building, in plain sight.

... But I'll save those for another time. Maintenance and care is always going to be an issue with older schools. But by doing things right the first time, with care and with respect to the past, it will always cost less than doing it wrong and having to fix it again.

I am frustrated at the lack of historical understanding when LCPS has blueprints and photographs of the school at their disposal. I am angry there aren't protections in place for older school buildings like Loudoun County HS. I am regretful for the missed opportunity, and that my favorite school is stuck with incorrect windows for the next few decades. I am disappointed in LCPS.

"No doubt about it, the Loudoun County High School will be one of the finest school buildings in the state when it is completed next fall. ... the building is designed to give high school students the best physical facilities that can be provided. There is no reason why it shouldn't. After all, Loudoun is one of the wealthiest counties in Virginia. We can afford the best for our school children."
- The Loudoun Times-Mirror, [Editor Commentary Section], January 14, 1954

“Take pride in the way our school looks, especially to others. The cooperation of everyone is needed to keep our school building and grounds in excellent order.”

-LCHS SCA Student Handbook circa. 1974

Sources Used:
Countless Lord Loudoun Yearbooks
"2008 Exhibition of School Planning and Architecture: Loudoun County High School" for CEFPI ESPA, used to be found on the LCPS website

Enjoy other LCHS Articles from the same author:

Couldn't fit in what I was writing, but wanted to include as well:
Am I against everything that has changed the front of the school? No way! The 2016 accessibility ramps added to the front portico are lovely. They were wonderfully integrated into the landscape and they make the front of the school accessible for all. These were a necessity and they minimally changed the front appearance. Unlike the new windows.

One accessibility ramp to LCHS's front portico. There is
another one on the other side, mirroring this one.

Monday, June 5, 2017

Arcola School - 2017 Update

Arcola Elementary School (1939) in 2017

On the way to a wedding-eve rehearsal for one of my dear friends, I drove through the community of Arcola. Spying the backside of the 1970's Arcola Elementary School from the road, it reminded me that I hadn't visited its predecessor in a while. So I made a detour on my way home to the 1939 Arcola Elementary School.

Although Arcola is still vacant and its future still uncertain, its situation is a lot better. In 2013, with permission and support from Loudoun County's Board of Supervisors, the school became listed on the National Register of Historic Places. This is the second school in Loudoun to receive its own listing, the first being the Douglass School in Leesburg. These things aren't handed out willy-nilly around here! (Some other schools are a part of Register-recognized Historic Districts) (Loudoun has 87 listings in total currently) (Anyway, I digress)

The Board again discussed in 2014 what to do with the school, and the community rallied the Board against considering a demolition option. For the next two years, the Board looked for a private-public partnership to reuse the school. The Windy Hill Foundation proposed converting the building into affordable living apartments. While the plan had a lot of community support, the Board axed the plan. The property sits close to Dulles Airport's runways and is in a future runway flight plan, so the Board has avoided putting residential properties in this area due to noise. Other factors, such as the Foundation's finances for the project, changing the property's zoning, how much of the school building would be preserved, and the increased residential density the project would create led the Board to reject the plan. So Arcola is still empty, but safe for now.

Arcola is still owned by Loudoun County Government, used as overflow storage for County General Services Administration.

Arcola Elementary School (1939) in 2017

I had a little trouble finding the school. Its address is officially listed at 24244 Gum Spring Road. The school is more accurately on Silver Spring Boulevard, disconnected from Gum Spring Road to the south. I believe I ran into this exact problem in 2011. There's a lot of development happening in the area, so I wouldn't find it hard to imagine the Boulevard was part of the Road in the past, but then construction necessitated that they split up.

Official address at Arcola. Google swears it's spelled "Gum
Spring," this sign is the only place that says "Gumsprings"

The school's windows have been boarded up since I last visited. With the grass cut and the working lights around the grounds, the property feels very secure and taken care of.

View from Arcola's front doors

Backside of Arcola (1939) in 2017

The fields and playground out back look like they are still available for use. The basketball court had a pile of dirt on its surface, I don't know what was going on there.

Baseball field behind Arcola School

Arcola has weathered its vacancy well on the exterior. The roof appears fine. There's a light amount of paint flaking off. I only found one rotting wood location:

Wood rot

Arcola's Colonial Revival architectural details

With similar timelines, it's interesting to watch Arcola and Sterling Annex's stories unfold. Both smaller schools, both community centers, and now both vacant. Both schools were rated as not worth renovating by county inspectors, yet still remain with everyone scratching their heads as to what to do with them.

If I had to choose which one I thought would survive (if one does)... While I think Sterling is slightly more attractive and is located in a more economically-viable area (relatively), I think Arcola will remain. Its listing on the National Register of Historic Places is definitely a plus. Sterling could also seek nomination to be on the Register, but no one has stepped up. And there is the key difference between the schools: active community support. For years now, Arcola School supporters have rallied for its survival. This is mentioned in many newspaper articles and in the school's Register write-up. I haven't read about that same kind of support in articles about Sterling. Arcola will survive because its community mandates that it will.

I typically look at Loudoun's motto "I Byde My Time" as a bad one, an acknowledgement that change/progress will take longer than expected here. In these instances, more time might be all these schools need to find their next use. As always, I wish both of them luck.

Sources Used:

Tuesday, November 22, 2016

Union Street School Sees Possible Re-Use

Union Street School in Leesburg, Virginia

I love preservation and the re-use of sites. I also love the Union Street School in Leesburg.

So when I read in the LoudounNow that Alumni May Revive Former Union Street School, I got very, very excited.

I hope they are successful, it's a beautiful site that needs some love.

See & Read my Adventure into the Union Street School Here

Sunday, January 17, 2016

Sterling Community Center Annex - 2016 Update

[Firstly, before we start, this is my first blog here in a while. Although a noble subject, I have branched out from writing a blog exclusively on Loudoun County Public Schools. If you wish to continue following my latest adventures and projects, visit History Scout!]


Sterling Community Center Annex, 2016

Many people stumble onto my posts from Google, searching for something they're interested in. Out of the Top Five most viewed posts here, the first four are on Loudoun County High School (understandable). The fifth one stands out - a post I wrote in 2012 on the Sterling Community Center Annex.

Why so popular? People want to find out what is going on with the stately building on the corner of a busy interchange, hauntingly falling into disrepair. A lack of online information, coupled with my post being the first choice when you type in "Sterling Community Center Annex," and there you go.

When I last wrote about this former 1940's school building in 2013, Belfort Furniture had bought the property. Since then, Belfort has been working on redeveloping this and 7 other adjacent land parcels into a new economic/residential area. This has involved a lot of planning, rezoning requests, county government meetings, and so forth.

In 2015, when Belfort Furniture spoke with Loudoun's Board of Supervisors, they said they were considering incorporating elements from the school's architecture into the new building. While the building is eligible to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the Board of Supervisors decided in 2008 not to add it. They also recommended the building should be demolished rather than being reused.

So the building is in limbo until these plans are finalized. It is honorable Belfort is even considering to save some of the building. I hope they do.

While all of this has been going on, a few years without maintenance are starting to show on the school building. Check out these before and after shots (Summer 2012 and January 2016):

Front of Sterling Annex, 2012

Front of Sterling Annex, 2016

Flagpole, 2012

Flagpole, 2016
Side door, 2012
Side door, 2016

Inside hallway, 2012

(Pretty sure this is the same side
of the hallway), 2016

Backside of Sterling Annex School, 2012

Backside of Sterling Annex School, 2016

Belfort is keeping the grass cut, and has cut the plants around the building. Paint is chipping everywhere. Windows, broken by vandals, have been boarded up. Along the front of the building, one side of the gutter is coming down, while on the other side it's completely gone. Inside, the drop-ceiling has been removed, revealing the roof's wooden supports. I will say, the roof, while still patchy, looks in better condition. The patch job looks like it is smoothed down and more shingles on the edges of the patch areas.

The building is being taken care of, yes, but it's more patch jobs than fixing problems. Again, with it being in limbo for its future, that's all anyone would want to put into the property.

Here are some more pictures:

Detail of the front doors

Now that the plants have been cut,
you can finally see into the Auditorium!

Backside of the school

What would I do if I was in Belfort's shoes for the redevelopment? Keep the front façade and roof-line, add to the building on the sides and behind. Leave the ceiling open to see those wooden beams. Add one display case inside with school memorabilia. It would be wonderful if they could somehow incorporate that beautiful proscenium arch into their plans, or the building's side doors and arches. Is this overly optimistic? Yes. Do I care? No. I dream big.

Thank you again, wandering internet travelers, it was nice to revisit the Sterling School.

Sources Used:
Loudoun Dept of Planning and Zoning Memorandum - 3/18/2015
Sterling's Belfort Furniture bids to redevelop with new homes and retail - and drops a subtle ultimatum
Board of Supervisors Public Hearing - 7/8/2015

Read all Sterling Annex Posts:
Sterling Community Center Annex (2012)
News on the Sterling Annex Building (2013)

Sunday, September 14, 2014

Loudoun County High School: A History

Loudoun County High School. Lord Loudoun 1956

Established in 1954, Loudoun County High School is aptly named. Not many schools can claim that their history is as tightly intertwined with its county as “County” can. Following periods of segregation, consolidation, integration, and expansion, the school has evolved with its community. As its surrounding area has transformed from farmlands to suburbs, countless renovations to keep the school up-to-date have created a maze to the uninitiated. Yet the school has retained its stately charm while providing an education to students for the past 60 years.

Nearly a half century before Loudoun County High School was built, Loudoun County Public Schools began offering secondary education in 1909. By 1916, there were 12 regional white high schools (As Loudoun County was deeply rooted in the South, black students were segregated into different schools. While a few high school level classes were offered, black high school students would not have their own building until Douglass High School in 1941) [1]. With the school system’s population hovering at 4,000 students but with over 100 schools, mostly one room schoolhouses, the state ordered that Loudoun downsize [2]. The school system began a decades-long period of consolidation. By the mid-1940’s, there were four white high schools left – Aldie, Lincoln, Leesburg, and Lovettsville [3].

O.L. Emerick, the superintendent of Loudoun schools, was not satisfied. He wanted all white high school students under one roof. In 1947, he announced his idea for one consolidated high school. In true Loudoun “I Byde My Time” fashion, the Board of Supervisors stalled, debated, rejected, fought, and put off the vote. The main issues were avoiding tax hikes and if the money would be better used to build one school, two schools, or expand the four existing ones. The public was invested in the debate as well, bringing posters and speaking at public hearings for all sides. Finally, after a holiday break, the Board of Supervisors quietly approved the plan for one school in Leesburg on March 1951 [4].

Although the School Board had already chosen Leesburg as the location for the new school, groups from Purcellville, Lovettsville, and Hamilton tried to challenge the decision so the school could be built in their own town. They argued that Leesburg was not the geographic center of the county, and properties in their towns could be less expensive than the Leesburg property. The appeals were dismissed and the English Construction Company was hired to build Loudoun County High School in Leesburg [5].

 “September 11, 1953, should be marked as the greatest date in the history of Loudoun County.” That was spoken by James Swart, a student of Aldie HS speaking at the groundbreaking ceremony for Loudoun County High School. The Board of Supervisors, School Board, and the four high school principals and student bodies were all on hand. The honor of the first shovel in the ground went to Emerick. Actual construction would start on the 14th, giving the school exactly one year of construction until its first day [6].

Construction of the school was very important to Loudoun residents. Every milestone was written about in the newspapers. When a lack of funds either meant finishing the school’s auditorium or remodeling the courthouse, funds went to the auditorium. Loudouners wanted a complete school; the courthouse could wait another year [7].

In the Spring of 1954, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled against school segregation in Brown v. Board of Education. Superintendent Emerick was quoted to say: "My own thought is that this isn't going to affect what we do in Loudoun County schools during 1954-55. ... We won't do anything until we get a directive from the Federal court and some action on the state level" [8].

On September 14, 1954, Loudoun County High School opened its doors to 979 students as the county’s singular all-white high school. The Georgian-style school housed grades 8-12 (There were no middle schools at the time). At a cost of $1,170,745 [9], it was the most expensive building project in the county ($9,658,370 in today’s money [10]), and one of, if not the largest building built in the entire county. The previous four high schools became elementary schools. George D. Grove and J. Lupton Simpson were the high school’s first principal and vice-principal, respectively [11]. The students chose their mascot to be the historic Mosby’s Raiders, a famous local Civil War Confederate Cavalry unit [12].

The school opened – incomplete. The school had the bare minimum of classrooms ready to open on time, but the cafeteria, auditorium, and gym each opened at later dates. The Front Lawn was just dirt, which became a muddy lake when it rained. Even the front entryway columns had not been built yet; students had to enter through the side entrances. By February of 1955, the school was finally complete [13]. A dedication ceremony was held on February 19, 1955 [14]. The football field still would not be built on campus until 1961. In the mean time, Fireman’s Field in Leesburg was used [15].

Consolidation meant LCHS could offer more specialized courses, such as Public Speaking, Economic Geography, Art, French, and Diversified Occupations. For the students, one of the most exciting new offerings was driver’s training, with a 1955 Custom Ford V-8 sedan the school owned [16], although the most popular course was Typing [17].

LCHS was the singular white high school in the county for only eight years. During that time, the student population quickly outgrew the school, so much so that staircases in the school had to be designated for “up” or “down” use only [18]. In 1962, Loudoun Valley High School opened up to serve the students in the western half of the county. As the only two white high schools in the county, an intense rivalry ensued.

Throughout the rest of the 60’s, the fight over the desegregation of schools was reaching its climax. After completely resisting any form of integration in the 50's, the school system and county instead tried to delay integration for as long as possible. As a way to slightly desegregate, the Virginia General Assembly instituted the Freedom of Choice Plan, which let students choose to go to any school they wanted to. Black students started attending LCHS as early as 1962. This went on for a few years. Ultimately, the Virginia Supreme Court ruled that, even with this plan, a majority of blacks (and no whites) attended Loudoun’s black schools, and the school system was still operating an illegal dual school system. Loudoun schools were ordered to completely integrate by the 1967-1968 school year [19].

During this same period, LCHS was facing overcrowded conditions again. The same year that Loudoun Valley High School opened, the county’s first planned community Sterling Park and Dulles International Airport opened up. The population started to grow from the east. Mobile classrooms were brought to LCHS, and in 1966 the school’s first expansion wing was built for vocational classes. It still wasn’t enough. With LCHS bursting at the seams holding over 1,500 students, the school system was in dire need of a third high school [20]. A year before the new school Broad Run High School would open, 8th and 9th graders who would be attending Broad Run had to be temporarily sent to the recently vacated Douglass High School, renamed the Broad Run Annex Building [21]. When Broad Run opened in 1969, LCHS’s early life overcrowding finally subsided [22].

The 1970’s brought many new changes to Loudoun County High School. In 1971, the school got its first computer – the size of two classrooms [23]. In 1976, the school received its second expansion, an auxiliary gym (now the wrestling room). That same year, the opening of J. Lupton Simpson Middle School meant LCHS’s eighth grade students moved from the high school to the middle school [24]. Vocational classes also left, moving into the Charles S. Monroe Technology Center down the road. 1976 was also the year of the United States’ Bicentennial. In honor of the occasion, a time capsule was buried by the flagpole, set to be reopened a hundred years later in 2076 [25].

Starting the 1978-79 school year, one controversy would pick at old racial wounds. Due to a questionably severe sports attendance rule, a black senior was cut from the basketball team.  His father, thinking it was due to racism, protested by chopping off the mascot logo’s flag on the school sign with an ax. The logo had accurately depicted a Mosby Raider with a Confederate Flag. The rule was deemed to be unfair and the student was allowed to play again. However, the initial controversy transformed into one over changing the mascot. The next school year, unhappiness over the administration’s indecisiveness on what to do prompted 300 students to hold a sit-in in the front foyer. 30-40 police officers were called to the school just in case anything got out of hand. Principal Kenneth Culbert called the students for a talk in the auditorium. After 90 minutes, everyone calmed down. It was later agreed by a student advisory committee that the mascot’s flag should be changed. A new flag design was chosen upon by the student body and became a new symbol for the school [26].

In 1985, the cafeteria kitchens were expanded. Ironically, a whole new cafeteria complex was added to the school just six years later. The old cafeteria section became a band and chorus wing, while their old shared classroom became the drama room. The new cafeteria wing had classrooms on its second floor, yet they were not connected to the school’s original second floor at the front of the school. Students would often arrive to class late trying to travel from one second floor to the other. About this same time, the school received its first air conditioning units and elevators (one for each second floor section of the building) [27].

In a matter of years, Loudoun County began its largest growth to date. The Dulles Toll Road and low interest rates made the county the place to live in the Washington, DC area. More students prompted the need for more space and schools. To increase its capacity, temporary classroom trailers were sent to LCHS. In 1996, a new main gym wing was built onto the school. The old main gym became the auxiliary gym [28]. In 2001, Heritage High School opened up as the second high school in Leesburg, taking many of LCHS’s students. Heritage shortly became LCHS’s cross-town rival.

On the evening of January 22, 2002, two students set an assistant principal’s office on fire. The fire gutted the main office, destroyed the school’s computer servers, and left smoke and water damage throughout the building. The school was closed for the rest of the week. Inrecon Insurance Reconstruction Company, the company that had worked on the Pentagon after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack, worked around the clock to get the school usable for students again. When the school reopened, half of the front building’s first floor hallway was still closed off for further work. There was over $2 million worth in damages [29] [30].

In 2004, the school celebrated its 50th anniversary. Many commemorative events were held. An instrumental, “Loudoun Praises,” was commissioned for the anniversary and was played by the school’s band at graduation [31].

A year later, the school underwent a $19.3 million two-year renovation. The main goal of the renovation was to modernize the school to the standards of newly-built schools across the county, yet preserve its iconic original features. The school as a whole was refreshed and cleaned up, while many major changes were instituted as well. A new auxiliary gym was built, the old auxiliary gym became the new library, and the old library became new classrooms. The original back wings were demolished for new Art and Math halls. The increased building capacity did away with the need for the “temporary” trailers. The stadium traded out its wooden bleachers for metal ones. The highlight of the renovation was a skywalk, which linked the second floor wings together, easing traffic flow throughout the school [32].

In 2009, a NJROTC program was launched at the school, a first for any Loudoun school, drawing students to LCHS from across the county. 2010 brought Tuscarora High School on the northern border of Leesburg, taking more students from LCHS and becoming another cross-town rival. In 2012, President Obama rented the school for a campaign rally, the first presidential visit to any school in the county. In 2013, LCHS was awarded both the Signature of Loudoun: Legends Award and the Student Choice Award for its iconic architecture on the Loudoun landscape [33]2014 became the year for sports, as the football field received an artificial turf field and new bathroom facilities, while the inaugural class was chosen for the school’s newly formed Athletic Hall of Fame.

Today, Loudoun County High School holds its own in a school system of over 80 schools. It has evolved and adapted with every generation of students, becoming a staple of its community. It is truly the school of its people and its county. As the school proceeds toward the future, it will continue to provide a safe learning environment layered with years of tradition.

Oh, hail thy name, Loudoun High, our treasured Blue and Gold
We praise thy grace and dignity, thy glories to behold
We’ll ever more thy name adore, and honors to thee bring
And now to Loudoun High School, thy praises will we sing
Oh, Loudoun High, school adored, our Alma Mater dear
Fond memories of thee we’ll hold, our hearts and minds to cheer.

Enjoy other LCHS Articles from the same author:
The First LCHS

-  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

[1] Scheel, Eugene. "High Schools Once Flourished Across Area." The Washington Post [Washington, D.C.] 21 Sept. 2003, Final Edition ed., T.03. Print.
[2] Raflo, Frank. Within the Iron Gates: Stories Remembered 1925-1975. Leesburg, VA: Loudoun Times-Mirror, 1988. Print.
[3] Scheel, Eugene. Ibid.
[4] Raflo, Frank. Ibid.
[5] Ibid.
[6] "School Officials Complete 'Spade Work' for High School Building." The Blue Ridge Herald [Purcellville, Va] 17 Sept. 1953. Print.
[7] "School Budget Must Be Increased." Loudoun Times Mirror [Leesburg] 1 Apr. 1954. Print. 
[8] "Segregation Decision Won't Change County School Plans For 1954." Loudoun Times Mirror [Leesburg] 20 May 1954: 1. Print.
[9] "Opening Day Sees Some Busses Snarled." Loudoun Times Mirror [Leesburg] 16 Sept. 1954. Print.
[10] Friedman, Morgan. "The Inflation Calculator." Web.
[11] "School Board Appoints High School Principal." Loudoun Times Mirror [Leesburg] 11 Mar. 1954. Print.
[12] School HistoryLoudoun County High School: Student HandbookLeesburg: Loudoun County High School SCA, C. 1975. Print.
[13] Ibid.
[14] "High School Dedication February 19." Loudoun Times Mirror [Leesburg] 20 Jan. 1955. Print.
[15] School HistoryLoudoun County High School: Student HandbookIbid.
[16] "Loudoun High's Driver-Training Car." Loudoun Times Mirror [Leesburg] 3 Feb. 1955. Print.
[17] "New School's Curriculum -- It's Amazing." Loudoun Times Mirror [Leesburg] 18 Mar. 1954. Print.
[18] Hatrick, Edgar. Interview by Javier Pierrend. Summer 2012. 
[19] Exline, Matthew. "We Have Been Waiting Too Long," Civil Rights and the Death of Segregation in Loudoun County, Virginia. Thesis. Patrick Henry College, 2010. Print.
[20] School HistoryLoudoun County High School: Student HandbookIbid.
[21] "Our History." Douglass School. Loudoun County Public Schools. Web.
[22] School HistoryLoudoun County High School: Student HandbookIbid.
[23] Ibid.
[24] Lord Loudoun 1976 Yearbook. Vol. 22. 1976. Print.
[25] Time Capsule. May 1976. Plaque. LCHS Front Lawn, Leesburg, VA.
[26] Jelonek, A.J. "Loudoun County High School: Flag Controversy." My Summer with Loudoun Schools. Blogger, 15 May 2012. Web.
[27] Loudoun County High School Blueprints. N.d. On file in the Loudoun County Public Schools' Construction Department Office.
[28] Ibid.
[29] Helderman, Rosalind S., and Maria Glod. "2 Students Charged With Arson; Loudoun High Fire Cost $2 Million." The Washington Post [Washington, D.C.] 16 Feb. 2002, Final Edition ed., B01. Print.
[30] Lord Loudoun 2002 Yearbook. Vol. 48. 2002. Print.
[31] "Local Graduations." The Washington Post. The Washington Post, 27 June 2004. Web.
[32] Hayes Large Architects, LLP. 2008 Exhibition of School Planning and Architecture: Loudoun County High School. Leesburg, VA. 2008. PDF.
[33] Morton, Margaret. "The Signatures of Loudoun: New & Old Recognized For Design Excellence." Leesburg Today, 7 June 2013. Web.

Other Sources:
Lord Loudoun LCHS Yearbooks 1955 - 2011
Microfilm newspapers at the Balch Library
Friends of the Thomas Balch Library Website
Blueprints from LCPS Construction Department Office
LCPS Annual Report LCPS History 2001/2002 by Wayde Byard
Common Local Knowledge
Alma Mater from Lord Loudoun 1955 Yearbook